This post has a fairly controversial title. I don’t really want to get into the debate but I have been studying this from my own peculiar view point for quite some time.
There is no necessity for a climate change solution. Our climate is always changing and that is part of any open energy system. Open in the sense that it is subject to external influences. Our solar system is part of this galaxy and we are therefore subject to many influences. When I tell you that our galaxy is a living being then that may create a different mindset. Our sun is alive too and is by far the most powerful influence. It overrides everything else but the way our weather works is complex. It isn’t and never will be random. The Earth our mother, Gaia, whatever you want to call her is a living being too. She’s in charge. The issue is not about climate anyway but is geopolitical in nature, those who have been controlling us are losing their power. They don’t like that and are trying to create a scare which they think will give them back control and revenues. They blame us for what they term human generated climate change. Co2 is not a toxic gas. It is not the problem, the tax that they want to impose is only about generating income, Co2 is greening the Earth as recent satellite study shows. Water vapour is the main gas responsible for the greenhouse effect anyway but clouds are totally natural and have been around for ever. Do they mean chem trails and HARP? We, ordinary people, don’t have any say in these malefic technologies other than to condemn them. We should remove the people using them, that would make our world much safer.
I say what I always say to climate alarmists, how can you discuss Earth’s climate without consulting Gaia. We, as in humanity, are in the process of ascension as is our planet. She is a vastly intelligent being not just the planet which is her body. She knows how to look after herself probably far better than you do. Any changes will be for the better. We are not taking the extremes of division with us as we ascend. Our planet is to become equatable and far more comfortable for us to live on. Having said that part of our current problem has been projected by malefic agencies, there are technologies at work to try and destabilise the weather; someone has been purposely messing with it. They use powerful vibrations to stimulate bad reactions both in the sea and in the air. Chem trails are the least of it. Directed energy weapons use high frequency to disrupt weather patterns. We have help and none of this will be fatal but it is a real nuisance. It is being counteracted but we live in a war zone at the moment.
We also create everything around us. Our weather then to some extent is a reflection of collective consciousness. If it is turbulent that is because we are. That takes on new meaning when someone is messing with it. They are messing with us.
There is a concerted effort by the mainstream media and even on the internet to misinform you. This has been orchestrated at a very high level. I will get to the by whom but there is certainly an agenda. Academic institutions and scientists have been paid to publish disinformation but this fact is now starting to come out. Interference at this level is not a cheap or easy thing to organise especially on a global scale. Perhaps that indicates who is responsible.
The controversy is designed to exacerbate the problem and to try and prevent our journey. The recent hurricane series were probably “encouraged”. I say probably because the way the weather works is complex and that is hard to pin down. We humans also generate weather, our expectations can manifest change. When this is fear based it creates storms. We can also do the opposite and this was proven very satisfactorily when a large global meditation had a direct and measurable effect on the hurricane called Irma. Here is some info about that.
I am not trying to take apart the green activist movements they do wonderful things but they have been diverted by misinformation. My hope is to inform and to refocus. Most of the problems of climate change have only ever been computer modelled. Put simply they have failed to be even vaguely accurate. We manifest what we expect and that has been used against us. We are made to think we are causing the problem. Computer models do not predict or coincide with actual real world measurements.
We may grasp a cause and run with it. Sometimes we run in the wrong direction because we have been cunningly misguided. We take the information we have been fed at face value. The devious like to use honest people to deliver inaccurate messages. They even instruct people how to deal with people like me who voice a different opinion. It wastes energy and takes the pressure off the real issues. In other words it’s a red herring.
Climate Gate for the first of many whistles blown on this topic. That was headed off and dismissed but information about fraud and manipulation is finally getting into the mainstream media. Here is an example that you might like to view. It is from a British newspaper the Telegraph and another which completely blasts a counter argument put out because of the first article. There is still plenty of disinformation and the main stream media would have you believe this isn’t true.
This then is a very controversial issue. Why? It should be relatively simple science.
Honest and well qualified scientists are starting to question the data and publish the truth. Truth in amongst this mayhem is very difficult to find but what I publish here is the best I can manage. I am completely open to correction but I have explored this topic fairly extensively. Our planet is not getting hotter at the moment even though we are constantly told that it is. Why the misinformation? It serves those who would control us. They would have you believe it is your fault when it clearly isn’t. How can it be when what they tell you isn’t actually happening?
I will leave that for the minute and look at some of the good things that are transpiring. People are taking steps to do something about their local climates when it effects them adversely.
This is a project taking place in Africa, note that this film was made in 2016 it has progressed well beyond what is shown here. Neighbouring countries have taken it up and expanded the planting.
Here is another that uses a similar approach. They speak using conventional climate change arguments but are doing something about it.
It isn’t a one way street but you want see any of these projects mentioned on the news. There are countless more like these, mostly in what we call third world countries. These people are creating positive change. It is a solution but the fix can only be global when we do it together. The crisis has been manufactured. We didn’t make it. It has been engineered by those in charge to keep us economically enslaved. Both videos ignore this, it isn’t that bad. We are told we are in danger for a reason. It keeps us under control and passive. We don’t question.
I have been looking at climate and climate change for many years and have brought together some of the evidence I have discovered. These are not my only sources of information but they are the easiest to check. My conclusion is that there is nothing to worry about other than pollution and exploitation of the Earth’s natural resources. That is a different situation.
Take California for instance, in particular southern California. Historically it has always been an arid area. The native peoples who lived there were nomadic and followed the water courses. They lived in small family groups that the land could easily sustain. In relatively recent years the land has had to support both a very large urban population and areas of intensive industrialised agriculture. The rainfall is restricted to a few short winter months and even though that rain can be quite heavy it cannot supply the demand. The aquifers are drained and stretched to the limit. I suspect but have no proof that they are also drained intentionally. The same has happened in Australia and many other places where people have exploited the land. Our responsibility is to integrate with and not exploit natural resources. There are solutions coming but we need to recognise where we are and what we have done or rather what has been done in our name.
We have polluted our environment with many toxic agents and materials and effected the Earth very adversely. But even that statement isn’t strictly true it would be more accurate to say our environment has been polluted, we are not actually personally responsible except by tacit agreement.
I will get to my reasons for this statement later in this article but let me start by talking about the Sun. I said earlier that our climate is an open system and by far the largest external influence is our sun. The energy it emits is not dependant on the sun itself which runs at a fairly constant temperature.It is in some senses only a vehicle for energy.
The photo above gives a very clear idea of the magnitude of the sun in comparison to the Earth. The Sun is the principle agent for all change in our solar system. The Sun’s emissions effect everything within the local environment which includes us. The Sun’s emissions cover a very wide range of frequencies. The Sun is not the only emitter but is a focus and the most potent. We are within the heliosphere and the Sun’s gravitational field even changes the shape of Earth as the Sun’s orbit varies. That has an effect on sea temperatures which is another form of climate change. Climate change is a natural phenomena. The Sun doesn’t just dictate our climate but also our state of consciousness. The sun is alive, is a being just like us, and has our best interests at heart. That is probably a step too far for a lot of people but hopefully I will get you there. The Sun shows every sign of intelligence in that when large sun spots face the Earth nothing happens, they don’t eject, not until they face away again. This happens time and time again. There is no logical scientific explanation. Notice I have carefully not given the Sun a gender. I received this information directly from the Sun, see Floating in Light.
Let’s first deal with the ‘Global Warming’ scare. In recent history the sun had a warming period. Let my clarify that. The suns emmisions effected not just the Earth but all the planets. Yes all of them. It was not a local phenomena. It was part of the new energies we needed to wake up our whole solar system and came from somewhere else. They came to us through our sun. The energy our sun creates is not as large as what it emits.
Most people don’t know that it was a solar event because it has never been acknowledged in the mainstream media. The effects on the other planets was more extreme than here on Earth. Mother Earth mitigated some of the effects and protected us, it was a natural event.
The sun is being monitored by live satellites which generate data streams. They get turned off occasionally for no apparent reason. It happens for certain specific events not randomly as you would expect if it were a simply technical problems. There is much manipulation of the data. Live video from the space station always stops when a UFO appears. It is the same for the sun. I can understand that those in power don’t want anyone to see that we are not alone. If I tell you that the sun is also a portal to higher dimensions and that huge planet sized ships use it then the reason data is turned off is more obvious. We are told theses ships are sun diving comets. Right…. If that were true why turn the videos off.
There is plenty of disinformation but the internet has been cleared of the best sources of information that showed that global warming effected all the planets. A great many articles refuting my statement have been put up instead. The articles I found originally have been taken down and I can’t find any of them to refer to but honest scientist still proclaim it and there may be some good articles out there.
One of the most articulate of the scientists who is telling the truth is a growing alternative media star Ben Davidson. He has a great website suspicious0bservers.org which gives daily information for climate and other things effected by the Sun. This includes earth quakes and volcanos. Ben was the one to point out that earthquakes are being downgraded by the big agencies, the data they take is usually the lowest of multiple readings taken from different stations. I wonder why? There is no obvious reason to do that.
There is a growing opinion that the Sun effects volcanic and earthquake phenomena as well as the weather. Ben has many interesting videos. He tours north America with his mobile observatory educating people about solar activity and the effects on the Earth.
Here is his Climate Change video which covers global warming. I have a slightly different point of view but Ben is being politically correct. He does not want to upset people but to inform – he could say much more.
Let’s look at some of the other facts of the scaremongering.
Sea level Rise
We are told sea level is rising and will soon swamp all of our cities.
Land isn’t static it goes up and down.
In the early 1980’s I was involved with the Thames Barrier. I was working as a surveyor and surveyed quite a large portion of it. This was an endeavour to prevent flooding in London. The flooding was not because of sea level rise but because that part of Britain is sinking. The data for this is freely available. Levels measured in the past have changed relative to the datum point which in Britain is in Newlyn in Cornwall, which is on basalt and a fairly static.
The entire London basin is sinking as is much of the east coast of the UK. Technically it is dropping because the sediments it is made of are being compressed by their own weight, squashed flatter by itself in other words. There are parts of London that are now below sea level. The old Victorian sewers that fed out into the Thames were a danger. If any of the gates got blocked on the seaward side, as happened several times, then at high tide water from the Thames rushed into the storm drains and the sewers and the streets of some very expensive part of London got rather wet and filled with raw sewage. Some heavy hitters did not like this so a plan to build defences was instigated. The walls and the Barrier itself were designed to prevent the sea from encroaching. The barrier moved the first time it was closed because they failed to take into account heavy rains pushing it from behind and it wasn’t anchored very well for a push from that direction. I witnessed this and also saw that on the seaside the water came up to within about six inches of the top of the wall. Overall it works and was a success. It is only a short term solution and the walls will need to be raised again and again because the land there is still going down relative to sea level.
Lands dropping is one cause of sea level rise but a global sea level rise is very questionable.
“It was said that the Pacific island of Tuvalu was sinking. Around 1990 it became obvious the local tide-gauge did not agree – there was no evidence of ‘sinking.’ So scientists at Flinders University, Adelaide, set up new, modern, tide-gauges in 12 Pacific islands. Recently, the whole project was abandoned as there was no sign of a change in sea level at any of the 12 islands for the past 16 years.”
Here is a good article which is an interview with highly qualified scientist Dr Nils-Axel Morner head of Paleogeophysics at Stockhom University. He has over 35 years of practical research in his field.
The poles are melting
We are told that the ice at the poles is melting which has caused a rise in sea level of 11.1 mm since 1992. Try looking at this. It is up to date and quite a different story to the one put out by the Smithsonian which is where I got the figure from. They would have you believe that we are losing 350 billion tons of ice each year.
There is volcanic activity in Antarctica which melting ice but the sea ice area in Antarctica is larger than at any time since satellite recording began. This may be due to wind which has changed slightly in recent times. The circumpolar westerlies are in part chilling the sea there and causing more ice to form. The arctic is a slightly different story but even there sea ice is now increasing from its all time low in 2011. We are not experiencing global warming at the moment. We are in a relative cooling period. Temperatures are not rising. No one tells you that. If you are living in the US you may appreciate that it has been very cold in your winters with probably more snow that you have ever seen before. That was caused by a movement in the jet stream which may have been artificially engineered but it has been colder in the winter for a few years.
CO2 carbon dioxide the greenhouse gas
This is the big nasty which is miss-information on a grand scale. Up until the industrial revolution CO2 was linked or pre-empted temperature values. CO2 emissions are still increasing but temperatures are no longer rising they are falling. Global warming is obviously not happening as forecast in any of the computer models and the global warming label has been switched to climate change.
But what does that actually mean? Most people when you ask them still think it means global warming or frown as they realise they don’t know what it means. We have been so programmed we know it’s an issue and it’s wrong, but we don’t know what it is. People site CO2 emissions but there is no studies that show that it has any effect. It is charged with emotion but that is only because of the media hype. If you look it up online the definition has been changed several times just recently, was that caused by climate change too?
The definition on Wikipedia read.
“A change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.”
It does not really tell you anything. It is not backed up by any statistical evidence and gives no references. What it does say is that humans are responsible and it is caused by increased CO2. That is the relevant part. It provides us with a guilt trip. One that would enables us to accept legislation which will reduce our lives even further which is what the oligarchy want. That is not going to happen but it is the reason behind all the climate change nonsense. It has been designed to divert attention for the real issues and trap us in a downgrade of our circumstances. The real culprits get off scot free. Here a different view by eminent scientist Freeman Dyson.
Here is another interesting perspective.
This is conspiracy theory territory. No. It is no longer theory. It is happening. If you haven’t noticed you must be one of very few.
It is painfully obvious to every alert human being that something is wrong with just about everything. This includes finance which creates our chains, food which damages our health and war which drives us apart from each other. Fortunately as I have just said most people are alert to the situation which is the first step to doing something about it. But I digress. That is easy to do because everything is very inter related.
Our atmosphere is mainly nitrogen 78% and oxygen 21% . There is also argon but that is only 0.9%.
CO2 is one of the trace gases and is listed as having a value of .04%, which is only a tiny amount.
Measurements of CO2 are given in parts per million. At the moment, well in January 2015 which is when I wrote this article, the latest averaged figure it is 399.85 ppm and rising. But converted to a percentage of the atmosphere the figure is 0.039985%. No real change there then. At the bottom it says it reached 400 ppm in May temporarily. Which is 0.04% in other words normal.
Do you feel better now?
The goal apparently is to reduce it to 350 ppm. Why? Lets deal with the rest of the CO2 issue first.
CO2 is called a greenhouse gas quite accurately. When you heat up the atmosphere in a greenhouse that is only part of the function of the heater. Yes I know this is not what they mean but bear with me. The by product of burning fossil fuels is CO2. It is used in greenhouses to help make things grow. Plants use CO2 in light independent photosynthesis. During this photosynthesis the exchange of gases are that CO2 goes into a leaf which absorbs the carbon and the oxygen is released into the atmosphere. A higher percentage of CO2 more than 100 ppm is common, that increases the rate of photosynthesis and the plant grows bigger, faster and produces more oxygen. Large amounts of CO2 should stimulate plant growth and release more oxygen. This may appear to be simplistic and basic information but it has proven to be the case.
The effect of CO2 on the climate is always included in any modelling but fails to manifest in the real world. It is a myth. Computer models don’t have all the parameters intentionally, it keeps things simple but our weather is complex.
It is said that CO2 traps heat but it is a very minuscule part of our atmosphere and its effects are therefore minimal. Most heat is trapped by water vapour not by Co2. I have included a very good scientific article about CO2 at the end of this post it goes into much greater detail if that is what you want. If global warming was true we would have overheated long ago but as I said before we are in a cooling period at the moment.
Local contamination is not desirable. Most burning creates not just CO2 but also other more toxic gases and contaminants like sulphur which can combine with rain to form sulphuric acid, giving acid rain. CO which is what your car chucks out is particularly nasty. It is what a suicide uses, putting the fumes from the engine into a car or an enclosed space like a garage. None of these discharges are desirable but we can’t prevent them if we burn fossil fuels.
Burning fossil fuels is a criminal waste especially considering that there are plenty of alternatives. Not the green alternatives which are usually rather expensive and not very efficient. Things like wind farms and solar panels can be linked to the monitored grid which is a paid metered resource. We don’t need a grid. We can do much better than that. We can be autonomous, that is free. Free energy is where we are heading. If you look on the internet there are literally hundreds of working models and also the instructions on how to make them. Most are small scale but we are getting there. Actually we already have, there are literally thousands of them, but we aren’t allowed to use them yet. Why?
The mainstream media tells us they don’t work. Why do the inventors get killed or silenced? Because it isn’t in the oligarchy’s interest. They want to keep us tied to their energy systems, without them we would be free.
Even the electricity we use is not the best form. Tesla who invented AC or alternating current did not consider it particularly useful. He was working on a system to send it through the air like radio signals but was stopped by the money men because it couldn’t be metered. They withdrew their support for him.
There are other forms of electricity which do not contaminate the environment. I have always wondered why part of our world uses 50 Hz as the AC cycle while other uses 60 Hz. The harmonic to all of creation is somewhere in the middle at 54.7 something if I recall it correctly. It this purposeful dissonance but I am off topic again….
THERE ARE PEOPLE WHO HAVE ACCESS TO OVER UNITY DEVICES.
So called free energy has been available for at least fifty years probably longer.
Why don’t we have it then?
Because the oligarchy don’t want us to have free anything and fossil fuels are one of their main sources of income. Free power will free us from the financial chains that control us at the moment. Vested interest have kept lots of technology hidden from us. As soon as we have free energy bad emissions and all other fossil fuel based contamination stop. We will be able to use all the power we like. E vehicles, AC and heating will all be powered for free by very small devices. That will be the reality. It doesn’t require any new inventions. There are many devices non polluting devices that have been withheld from us.
There are quite a few groups working on making new energy devices but there are also a huge number of them sitting on a shelf waiting for it to be safe to release them. There are over 5000 patents that have been ceased, restricted and classed against national interest. Actually against the oligarchies interest. We are very nearly ready and theses devices will be released soon.
When I say we are nearly ready that is because our collective group consciousness has elevated to the point where we can accept the changes this new technology will bring. It will free us from where we have been.
From a consciousness perspective I see the global warming period which started in the sixties and peaked in 2005 as heralding the dawn of the massive change to our collective awareness. The sixties saw a renaissance when young people, myself included, no longer accepted how things were and looked to live in a different way. A whole generation of people wanted dramatic change. Lifestyle and sharing resources was a new direction and focus for us all. Certain vested interests didn’t want us to focus in that way. They wanted to keep us tied with money, to stay on the treadmill they had created. Hippy talk perhaps but still relevant perhaps more so than ever before. We are entering a new stage in our development we are going up in frequency.
The Sun has started emitting powerful new frequencies in recent years. These are even changing our physiology. Science has noticed that. Our genetic makeup has changed. The so called junk or unrecorded DNA, which accounts for more than 98% of it, has been activated, actually reactivated. It is the difference between us and a chimpanzee who otherwise shared 98% of the less than 2% that was all we had turned on.
To get esoteric the Sun who is a conscious Being has been receiving new energy from the galactic central Sun and has been emitting these to cause changes throughout her solar system. These changes do effect our climate and will continue to do so which is why I consider this a very good thing.
Latest research shows that Polar bears in the Artic are not dying out, they are thriving and all areas where they live have shown an increase in their numbers. The main stream media still tells you that climate change is killing them off and they are drowning. The lies are very blatant. Here is another story about a scientist dismissed for telling the truth. It is widely accepted by the mainstream that the Great Barrier reef is dead because sediments from the land have clogged it up, but Professor Peter Ridd was sacked by his university for saying that isn’t true and that is not happening at all and the reef is actually blooming. He is the premier scientist measuring sediments and invented most of the instrumentation used.
He won and was awarded 1.2 million in damages but the university has appealed.
To finish off here is something related and very inspirational. How do we clean up the plastic in our oceans? EASY!
Here is a great article about CO2. It gives a detailed analysis of this gas and how it effects and participates in our atmosphere.
CO2 occupies 0.0385% of the atmosphere by volume – ie. when measured as a solid. At 20 °C and 1ATM dry air has a density of 1.14549 kg/m3. However as a solid its density is 2353.23 / 1.14549 -> 2054.344 times as large. ie. for a given volume of air at 20’C CO2 occupies 0.0385% / 2054.344 -> 0.000018741% of the space. IE. for every 1m3 of space CO2 occupies just 187.41 mm3 – 187 cubic millimetres – a box 5.7mm x 5.7mm x 5.7mm. ie. a box of air the size of a 1L carton of milk would have a box the size of 0.57mm x 0.57mm x 0.57mm of CO2 – less than the size of a sewing pin head.
This amount of CO2 in the atmosphere is the net amount – ie. the result of the production of CO2 (animals expiring CO2, volcanoes, motor vehicle exhausts, power generation etc.) minus the take up of CO2 (plants). Both these figures being much larger than the amount that remains in the atmosphere.
Now the atmosphere varies in density the further away from the Earth’s surface. However if we assume that the density is constant and then calculate the height required for a full planar coverage of CO2 that would correspond to the CO2 occupying 1m3 in a vertical column with a 1m2 base. CO2 occupies 0.00000018741 of 1m3 therefore 1m3 of CO2 occupies 1/0.00000018741 -> 5335894.563 m3 of atmosphere. In other words for a 100% area coverage a column at 1ATM that is 5335Km high is required. This is far higher than the atmosphere which extends to a height of just 1% of that. ie. the radiation incident on the atmosphere from the sun will only strike a CO2 molecule 1% of the time. This assumes that it is going straight past the N2 and O2 molecules.
CO2 is not some magic molecule. It is just like other atoms and molecules. Each has its own effects. Just because CO2 is present it doesn’t mean that nitrogen and oxygen don’t have any effect – they do and they have to be put into the equation along with the other trace gasses and along with water moisture. Water moisture occupies typically 0 to 4% of the atmosphere and is primarily an insulator.
The greenhouse principle works on the following bases :-
1) refraction of waves (infra red radiation from the sun) thus bending them to trap them below a surface. This is how the glass in a greenhouse works.
2) absorption and re-radiation (eg. at different wavelengths and in different directions). This is how primarily the atmosphere works.
Bearing in mind that less than 1% of the plane of the atmosphere presented to the sun is going to have CO2 that is a very small effect produced by the CO2. It’s like having a stone that is composed of 1% diamond and 99% glass – the diamond isn’t going to have any noticeable effect.
Element : Symbol : % by volume
Nitrogen : N2 : 78.084
Oxygen : O2 : 20.946
Argon : Ar : 0.9340
Carbon dioxide : CO2 : 0.0397
Neon : Ne : 0.001818
Helium : He : 0.000524
Methane : CH4 : 0.000179
CO2 Water Solubility
CO2 is soluble in water inversely proportional to temperature. This means that the lower the temperature the more CO2 can be stored. The lower from the surface the position in the water the lower its temperature – ie. more CO2 is stored at greater the depth.
The Earth goes through periods of cold and warm temperatures. We have had ages where the Earth has been a lush warm tropical paradise. And we have had ice ages. During the warm periods the plants produced take up masses of CO2 and use the carbon and give off the oxygen which the animals breathe. During the ice ages the plants die off and drop to the depths of the oceans. They rot and expell their carbon CO2 into the water where it remains at depth. When the Earth enters another warm period (as we are currently in) the rising temperature of the atmosphere heats up the water. However it takes a long period of time for the lower depths to warm up (800 to 2000 years typically). When these lower thermoclines heat up they release their CO2 and this rises to the surface and increases the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. Much of this is taken up by land based vegetation and by upper level ocean plants – sea weeds, plankton etc. .
When measuring the temperature the equipment undertaking the measurement must be calibrated, the error margin must be determined and it must be used in the calculations. If the equipment is measuring to a resolution of 0.01’C but only has a accuracy of 0.1’C then the resolution is wiped out by the error margin and working at that level becomes unreliable and meaningless. A simple example of accuracy are mercury based thermometers. These are based on a column of mercury expanding with increasing temperature thus rising in height within the glass tube. However it assumes that the diameter of the internal portion of the tube is accurately known and is constant all the way up – this is where the inaccuracy is introduced and it has to be determined and included in any calculations using the resulting temperature data.
A thermocouple might provide a high degree of resolution and stability but the readings have to be converted to usable signals. This is done via Analogue to Digital converters which can introduce inaccuracies via a number of sources – such as the electronics used for the conversion and for the determination of the reference voltage and the resolution used. As such the accuracy of the whole system has to be determined. When a temperature measuring station is calibrated its accuracy is also determined by the accuracy of the calibration source – ie. further inaccuracy can be introduced.
An easy way to illustrate inaccuracy is to place 4 identical temperature measuring stations in close proximity in an open field and to monitor their outputs automatically on a regular basis (eg. every 10 minutes) and then to compare them. Placing additional identical temperature measuring stations in other parts of the field and placing other different temperature measuring stations in the field will augment the results.
Models are not reality. They are a perceived understanding of reality. They can be used as tools to understand and predict reality. However they have to be tested and proven. Models have an inherent accuracy and associated reliability and this has to be determined. Just because a model says something doesn’t mean that it is necessarily true. Models can only be used in an indicative manner – they cannot be used as proof (after all they were constructed by us fallible humans – not by nature).
The Scientific Method
The Scientific Method is basically a chain of evidence from the initial proposing of the fundamental hypotheses, through the design of laboratory experiments to directly test these, through to the analysis and publication of the results. This has to be a step by step process – everything directly connected – ie. not making jumps – otherwise the great danger is making connections that are not there and jumping to wrong conclusions.
Peer review is fundamental to the Scientific Method as it allows mistakes to be spotted and corrected. Reducing the locus might produce a desired result but it reduces the validity. The only proof ultimately is in what happens physically – this is why reproducibility is so important.
The most vital element is honesty and integrity. Unless the science is pursued in a rugged and honest manner it can’t be relied on.
Carbon is a fundamental part of life. It is fundamental to plant and animal life. It is a fundamental atom in organic molecules. The more CO2 there is the more plants that can grow and the more food that can be produced to feed our increasing world population.
The amount of carbon going into the atmosphere and coming out of it is far larger than the net amount in the atmosphere. Small variations of this net amount will not have any significant effect on the Earth. The Earth has a number of equilibrium maintaining mechanisms for regulating temperature and carbon concentrations. We can easily survive with higher CO2 concentrations and higher temperatures – Earth has done this in the past.
The level of CO2 in the atmosphere is a result of the temperature, not a cause of it.
The climate changes naturally – there are short term and long term cycles. We have ice ages, interglacial warm ages, warm periods (eg. Medieval Warm Period) and cold periods (eg. Little Ice Age). We have El Nino & La Nina. These are all caused naturally. The major source of energy that we have is the sun – it’s the elephant in the room – almost all energy comes from it. Solar activity determines our temperatures, our weather and our climate. The tilt and rotation of the Earth and its distance from the sun certainly effect the weather and climate but these are largely constant. Our position in the galaxy also has an effect but this is much more minor.
During the Medieval Warm Period temperatures were much warmer and all due to natural variation. Grape vines were grown in northern lattitudes (where they won’t grow in current conditions). And we produced a lot of wealth as a result of the climate conditions.
We warmed out of the Little Ice Age up to the turn of the last century. The temperature has remained roughly stable since then. However indications in low population areas indicate a small amount of cooling. These have been offset by large amounts of urban heat islands in the Northern Hemisphere thus producing flat temperatures.
Is the climate changing? – yes, of course it is. But it is changing naturally – as it always has and as it always will do. Does human kind have a significant effect on the climate? – no – the effect is minimal and certainly not causing any catastropic situation to occur. Nature has a far far greater effect.
The Present and The Future
Prior to the Enlightenment we had the domination of feudalism. The Enlightenment produced our modern miracle world. It did this through various means including :-
* the Scientific Method.
* freedom of speech.
* freedom of enquiry.
* civil society – rule of law.
* democratic capitalism.
However there has been a constant battle between feudal elements and enlightened elements in our society. Feudalism constantly re-invents itself, constantly tries to impose the old (and disastrous) ways onto the world – top down command and control, high debt, restriction of freedoms, lack of morality and moral integrity, high levels of dishonesty, high levels of corruption jobs for the boys and girls – creaming off money.